In 20th century, when the management started to be studied as a separate academic and research field, various questions and academic debates started in intellectual circles. Among those very popular debates, one was regarding classification of management. Whether management is a science or art? Various articles, research papers and books were written in favor of each side and critics created balance by giving their insight about every aspect. Finally the conclusion was made that; management is both; science as well as art and various characteristics of both were given.Whatever might we believe in; science or art, one thing is sure. The application of the management practices demand that we keep both sides in our minds while doing a management job. This means that for being an effective manager a person not only has to follow the scientific process of management but also utilize the art of management. Some aspects of our daily life demand the process to be followed and in some cases we have to utilize the art of management. No matter whatever your job is, you have to use your artistic abilities to get the maximum results and some times effective manager have to say that if we don’t utilize our art, the process itself is unable to give us optimal outcome.Look at the auto manufacturing industry all over the world. USA is understood to be the pioneer in the sector. The sector started to flourish in USA and gave the world new ideas, scope and research but where US auto industry stands today? Almost same production process, plants and procedures are used all over the world. State of the art equipment is used for car manufacturing, still US industry is struggling and companies like Toyota are leading all over the world not GM.What is the reason? The reason is quite simple. When you follow the process and take it the only ultimate source of getting your outcome and not think out of the box (process) the failure or at least long-term inefficiency is ultimate result. US companies no matter, how smart they are, how modern their equipment may be; their inability to defeat the Japanese continuous innovation in the production process gave them a great daunt. Whether it is assembly line process or any other new addition, Japanese didn’t leave their art of management and they utilized it everywhere. They used their brainpower to continuously innovate and find out more efficient, more effective and cheaper ways to achieve maximum output.The researches have shown that the reason of leadership in businesses is innovation. US is still the largest GDP all over the world because of continuous innovation in its system. The administrative, legal, corporate and political system in US has always encouraged its citizens to think more and out of the box to make their country lead in the world. Today, if America is leading the world; that is because of its system. But the dilemma is; auto industry has not been able to use this system in its favor. It has been unable to innovate and defeat the overseas companies at least in its domestic market.Summarizing; I would say that the processes are made to get the maximum possible positive results. We should not wait for the process failure for bringing in something new. We should always strive to utilize our art of management to enhance productivity of the scientific methods. Science is a great tool to achieve your objectives but it cannot replace your natural talent and ability to solve the problem by utilizing your art of management. Thinking out of the box, thinking creatively and acting smartly are still the great ways to do the job in a better and plausible way. The natural art of management must be utilized.
The Culinary Arts, or the art of cooking and preparing foods, can be a great career pursuit for those who not only enjoy cooking but also creating and experimenting with new dishes. Although there are many ways to go about pursuing a culinary career, many people decide to begin with going to school and obtaining a degree in the fine arts. A degree program is more extensive than a diploma or certificate but just may open up a candidate’s chances at finding a choice position within the culinary industry.Degree programs in the Culinary Arts go beyond teaching students the technical skills need to survive in the kitchen. The programs cover the entire scope of the culinary and hospitality fields. Students learn about all aspects of the dining experience including ambiance, menu selection, nutrition, service and wine selection as well as many areas beyond this. For instance, students must also learn the business side of the industry in order to learn management of chefs and employees as well as dealing with the government, investors, the public and vendors.Of course the focal point of any program is the food. Diploma, certificate and degree programs train students with all the essential knowledge in food preparation from the most basic dishes to the specialties to which many students are drawn. With the right training, a student should be able to perform any function within the industry to serving the food to preparing it as a head chef.Those who are most interested in running their own businesses may look toward associate degrees in the Culinary Arts. This degree teaches students the basic business and customer service skills essential to restaurant management. Furthermore, they learn the proper techniques in food handling and service. Those looking into different types of cuisine or service styles may want to look go forth with a bachelor’s degree. This too can lead to a specialty within the field, but the opportunities for different experiences are broadened.Those who are sure they want to dedicate their lives to the Culinary Arts can obtain a master’s degree. If one is seeking a position at a top-notch world class venue, this is the route to take since the competition at this level can get steep. One learns advanced strategies in a master’s program as well as ways to enhance interpersonal skills and financial operations. These students may begin and run high-end establishments of their own. They understand how to expand their operations, brand and market them and even take them to an international level of competition.The first thing one needs in this industry is a passion for food and its preparation. Maybe not everyone dreams of becoming a world-class chef, but one still should have the respect for food that it takes to succeed in the industry. It does not matter which level of the food industry one plans to find himself or herself. He or she will still need to have the right tools to survive in a highly competitive area.
The Internet has brought with it many exciting advantages and none more so than Learning Martial Arts Online. It’s now even easier to access Martial Arts information at home than it has been at any other time in our history.There are, however, some very important considerations to bear in mind before you log on and hand over your credit card details. More than anything, I am sure; you don’t want to learn a very expensive lesson in planning.Let me explain. There are a number of things to consider when you are learning Martial Arts online.Choose the Right Martial Art for YouYou will be spending a lot of time with your Martial Arts online course and you will want to make sure that you are both comfortable and happy with the course, the instructor or the method of instruction.You don’t want to find out after you have signed up and paid for the program that you don’t like the instructor, the program or the set up of the course.So, begin by doing some research on both the instructor and the course.Training SpaceNext, make some space at home or elsewhere where you can train. The size of this area will depend on your chosen art. Wing Chun or Tai Chi will use a lot less space than Tae Kwon Do or Grappling for example.Training EquipmentCheck if your art needs any special equipment. This can be anything from mats for grappling or a training partner. If you need a training partner and don’t have one then there are some creative ways to get one, or more, if you wish.Have a PlanWork out a plan for your training. Jumping straight in and just starting without a plan is the quickest and surest way to fail.You need a plan and the better that plan is worked out and prepared before you begin, the more dedicated and consistent your training will be, and that is exactly what you want.Your plan should include things like: where you will train, when you will train and for how long. It should also include what you will do in each session.Martial Arts Accelerated LearningIf you are learning Martial Arts online and training solo at home, it would be useful to use a specialised Martial Arts Accelerated Learning Program to ensure that you learn the techniques properly and that you make quick progress in your chosen art.Daily PracticeIt is small amounts of daily practice that makes you great. These small amounts add up to your weekly practice, which then turns into months and that turns into years. But it all begins with small amounts of daily practice.Regardless of what many in the industry will tell you, learning Martial Arts online is not only possible but it is also one of the most rewarding practices and one that requires simple planning and consistency to succeed.
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